The government of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand have also either unveiled electric vehicles policy or are framing draft policies to support GoI’s vision to have 100% Electric Vehicles by 2030. In order to boost private investment in Electric Vehicle charging infrastructure, Ministry of Power Ministry of Power has issued the “Clarification on charging infrastructure for Electric Vehicles with reference to the provisions of the Electricity Act 2003” on 13 April 2018. To address pollution from old vehicles, the government is working on an initiative that focuses on formulation of end-of-life or scrap -age policies that propose to take hundreds of thousands of polluting commercial vehicles off the road. It plans to give incentive for the adoption of these policies with the help of lower taxes, discounts on purchase prices, and simple compliance processes.
World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe was formed with an aim to harmonize vehicle regulations worldwide. As of April 2018, India has about 120 vehicles on every 1000 people, which is expected to rise to almost 300 vehicles in next 10 years for every 1000 people. Fuel consumption standards for Indian vehicles came into force in India in April 2017 for petrol, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas and compressed natural gas passenger vehicles. According to a new survey, about 87% of Indian drivers and vehicle owners would buy an electric vehicle, if that helped reduce air pollution. One out of every three passenger vehicles produced was a utility vehicle.
According to data released by the Society of Indian Automobile Manufactures, Passenger Vehicles: the domestic sales of Passenger Vehicles grew at 7.89 % to 32, 87,965 units in 2017-18, against 9.23 % in 2016-17. Despite the continued push by the Centre and various states for adoption of electric mobility, presently, pure electric vehicle penetration in India is barely 0.1 % in private vehicles, about 0.2 % in two-wheelers and nearly zero for commercial vehicles. These include the following: Lack of adequate charging Infrastructure: The lack of proper electric vehicle charging infrastructure poses one of the greatest obstacles for 100% adoption of electric vehicles on road by 2030 in the country. Long charging time: Just like conventional vehicles rely on petrol pumps or gas stations for refueling, the mass adoption of electric vehicles mandates a robust charging infrastructure.
After the government said it wanted only electric vehicles to ply on Indian roads by 2030, top companies have announced plans to enter the electric vehicles market as emphasized below: Just Ride, a self-drive car rental firm, has raised US$ 3 million in a bridge round of funding led by a group of global investors and a trio of Y Combinatory partners, which will be utilized to amplify Just Ride’s car sharing platform Just Connect and Yabber, an internet of things device for cars that is based on the company’s smart vehicle technology.
Ola announced ‘Mission: Electric’ to bring one million EVs on to India’s roads by 2021, starting with starting with 10,000 electric rickshaws in the next 2 years. Maruti Suzuki Flags off Electric Vehicles for Field Testing in India BESCOM launches second electric vehicle charging infra in Bengaluru MG Motor India, the Indian arm of SAIC, is planning to launch a pure electric vehicle in the first quarter of 2020, the second product from MG Motor in India.
Automotive Mission Plan 2016-26 The Automotive Mission Plan 2016-26 is the collective vision of Government of India and the Indian Automotive Industry on where the Vehicles, Auto-components, and Tractor industries should reach over the next ten years in terms of size, contribution to India’s development, global footprint, technological maturity, competitiveness, and institutional structure and capabilities. AMP 2026 is a document that is aimed at multiple stakeholders in India and overseas, and seeks to communicate the Government and industry’s intent and objectives pertaining to the Indian Automotive industry, comprising the automotive vehicle manufacturers, the auto-component manufacturers and tractor manufacturers who operate in India. Promoting charging infrastructure Supply side incentives Encouraging retro-fitment of on-road vehicles with hybrid kit Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles scheme was launched in 2015 under National Electric Mobility Mission Plan with the objective to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and Manufacturing eco-system. These electric vehicles will replace the existing fleet of petrol and diesel vehicles.
Technical Regulations in India, the rules and regulations related to driver’s license, registration of motor vehicles, control of traffic, construction & maintenance of motor vehicles, etc. The parameters determining emission from vehicles are: Vehicular Technology Fuel Quality Inspection & Maintenance of In-Use Vehicles Road and Traffic Management While each one of the four factors mentioned above have direct environmental implications, the vehicle and fuel systems have to be addressed as a whole as requisite fuel quality is required to meet the emission standards. Falls under the purview of TEDC. This division council has set up its subcommittee TED-27 especially for developing standards for Electric and Hybrid vehicles which has produced IS 15886 for standardization of Electric and Hybrid vehicles and their components. The ARAI drafted several standards that are related to electric mobility and ITS including the following: AIS-138: Electric Vehicle Conductive AC Charging System AIS-138: Electric Vehicle Conductive DC Charging System AIS 131 on Type Approval Procedure for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles introduced in market for Pilot / Demonstration Projects intended for government schemes.
Ministry of Heavy Industries, Department of Heavy Industry In late 2017, the Ministry of Heavy Industries instituted “Committee on Standardization of Protocol for Electric Vehicles” to develop specifications for public chargers for such vehicles – submitted its report to the Govt. India has a lot to gain by converting its internal combustion engine vehicles to EVs at the earliest, the report titled ‘Zero Emission Vehicles: Towards A Policy Framework’ suggested.