As we know nowadays, fuel resources are continuing to end. Fossil fuel such as petroleum will be over in the next 40 years. The use of petroleum is in the means of traffic which produces many harmful gases which increases the greenhouse effect. so can we think of any other alternative to reduce the use of these resources?
We can think this reading about Alternative Energy Vehicles to reduce the use of petroleum.
What is Alternative Energy Vehicles(AEV)?
Alternative Energy Vehicles are those vehicles that move on other substances except conventional petroleum gas and diesel. These sources gives independent future for our countries.
Examples of alternative sources include electrical, solar, biodiesel, hydrogen gas, biomass energy, wind energy, natural gas,nuclear power.
Alternative Energy Sources
An alcohol-based alternative fuel created by fermentation and distilling crops like corn, barley or wheat. It will be mix with petrol to extend colorless inflammable hydrocarbon levels and improve emissions quality.
- Positive:- Materials area unit renewable.
- Negative:- Alcohol subsidies have a negative impact on food costs and availability.
Natural gas is an alternative fuel that burns clean and is widely available in several countries through utilities that offer natural gas to homes and businesses.
- Positive:- Cars and trucks with specially designed engines manufacture less harmful emissions than petrol or diesel.
- Negative:- Natural gas production creates methane, a greenhouse emission that’s twenty-one times worse for global warming than greenhouse emission.
Electricity is used as a transportation various fuel for battery-powered electrical and fuel-cell vehicles. Battery high-powered electric vehicles store power in batteries that are recharged with plugging electrical supply. Fuel-cell vehicles run on electricity which is created when electrochemical reaction happens between hydrogen and oxygen.
- Positive:- Electricity for transportation is extremely economical and that we have already got an intensive electricity network. within the case of fuel cells, they manufacture electricity without pollution.
- Negative:- Coal or natural gas generates more electricity these days, leaving a nasty carbon footprint.
It is mixed with natural gas to make an alternate fuel for vehicles which use certain kinds of combustion engines.
- Positive:- No dangerous emissions.
- Negative:- And additionally the shortage of fueling infrastructure and issue of putting it in place.
Propane—also known as liquefied petroleum gas or LPG—is a byproduct of the natural gas process. Already widely used as a fuel for cooking and heating. propane is additionally a well-liked alternative fuel for vehicles.
- Positive:- propane produces less emissions than petrol. There’s additionally an extremely developed infrastructure for propane transport, storage, and distribution.
- Negative:- natural gas production creates methane, which is twenty-one times worse for global warming than carbon dioxide.
Biodiesel is another fuel based on vegetable oils or animal fats. Vehicle engines may be converted to burn biodiesel in its pure type.
- Positive:- Biodiesel is safe, biodegradable, reduces air pollutants related to vehicle emissions.
- Negative:- limited production and distribution infrastructure.
Alternative Energy Vehicles (AEV)
Biodiesel and standard diesel vehicles are one within the same. Though light, medium, and heavy diesel vehicles aren’t technically alternative fuel vehicles. The majority are capable of running on biodiesel. Biodiesel is most frequently used as a blend with fossil oil diesel oil, are often used in several diesel vehicles without any engine modification.
Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles
Hybrid electrical vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs). They are also known as electric-drive vehicles collectively. They uses electricity either as their primary fuel or to enhance the effectiveness of standard vehicle designs.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Today’s hybrid electrical vehicles (HEVs) are battery-powered by an internal combustion engine together with one or additional electrical motors that use energy keep in batteries.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Plug-in hybrid electrical vehicles (PHEVs) use batteries to power an electric motor and use another fuel, like petrol or diesel. It uses electricity from the grid to run the vehicle some or all of the time reduces operative prices and fuel use. PHEVs may manufacture lower levels of emissions, depending on the electricity supply.
All-electric vehicles (EVs) use an electric battery pack to store the energy that powers the motor. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency categorizes all-electric vehicles as zero-emission vehicles as a result of they manufacture no direct exhaust or emissions.
Ethyl alcohol flexible fuel vehicles
Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) have an internal combustion engine. They are capable of performing operations on petrol and any mix of gasoline and ethyl alcohol up to eighty-three.
Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles
Fuel cell uses hydrogen to produce electricity.Currently, drivers of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) will fuel up at retail stations in less than five minutes. And acquire a practice range of more than three hundred miles. Analysis and industrial efforts are underway to expand the limited element supply infrastructure and increase the production of FCEVs.
FCEVs use a system similar to that of electrical vehicles, where energy keep as hydrogen is regenerate to electricity by the fuel cell. Unlike conventional combustion engine vehicles, they manufacture no harmful emissions. alternative advantages include increasing U.S energy security and strengthening the economy.
Natural gas vehicles
There are three varieties of NGVs:
- Dedicated: These vehicles are designed to run only on natural gas.
- Bi-fuel: These vehicles have two separate supply systems that enable them to run on natural gas.
- Dual-fuel: These vehicles have fuel systems that run on natural gas, however, use diesel oil for ignition assistance. This configuration is historically restricted to heavy-duty vehicles.
Propane vehicles are widely used and refined for many years. There are two forms of propane vehicles: dedicated and bi-fuel. propane vehicles are designed to run only on propane, whereas bi-fuel propane vehicles have two separate supplying systems that enable the vehicle to use either propane or gasoline.